1. Burj Khalifa
The Burj Khalifa which is also known as the Burj Dubai is a skyscraper in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. Burj was designed by the American architect Adrian Smith and his team, the Burj Khalifa Construction began in the year 2004 and was completed in five years in 2009.
It is the world’s tallest building and structure with a height of 829.8 m, and a roof height of 828 m. The decision to construct the Burj was based on the government’s decision, the main reason is for Dubai to gain international recognition. The building was known as Burj Dubai until its official opening in January 2010 and was renamed Burj Khalifa in the honor of president Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan of the United Arab Emirates. Burj broke numerous height records as the tallest building in the world. The building design was decided on the Islamic architecture Great Mosque of Samarra and the Y shape design was derived from the Tower Palace III of Seoul, to optimize the space for residential and hotels the tripartite floor geometry is designed which is also used for the support the height of the tall building. The Burj Khalifa has 8 escalators and 8 escalators in total and it has 2,909 stairs from the ground floor to the 160th floor. Outside the Burj Khalifa, a fountain has been designed by WET Enterprises at the cost of dirham 800 million with 50 colored projectors and 6,600 lights.
2. Shanghai Tower
Shanghai Tower is the tallest building in China and the third-tallest building by height in the world, it is owned by Yeti Construction and Development, and since 2015 LEED Platinum has certified the building as the tallest and largest. Shanghai Tower construction funding was obtained from bank loans, Shanghai’s municipal government, and shareholders.
The tower Construction began in November 2008 and was completed on 3 August 2013. The Shanghai Tower had the world’s second-fastest elevators with a top speed of 20.5 meters per second until 2017, the tower has a record of having the world’s highest observation deck with 562 m within a building or structure of the tower. Shanghai Tower was open to the public in November 2014 but its observation deck was opened in July 2016 for a test run, it was originally open to the public on April 26, 2017. The tower has many green architectural components and received certifications from the U.S. Green Building Council and China Green Building Committee for its design. The tower is designed in a manner in which it can store or catch rainwater for internal use and also can reuse wastewater.
3. Makkah Royal Clock Tower
Makkah Royal Clock Tower is seven skyscraper hotel located in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, it is a government-owned complex. The Clock Towers is a part of the King Abdulaziz Endowment Project which is built to modernize the city by catering to its pilgrims.
The tower has a Clock Tower Museum that occupies the top four floors of the tower. The Clock Tower is the sixth-tallest freestanding structure in the world and the fourth-tallest building in Arab. The complex is designed and constructed by the largest construction company Saudi Binladin Group. The tower’s height is 650m (1,972 ft), it has a five-story shopping mall and its parking has a capacity of holding over a thousand vehicles. The clock was constructed by German tower clock manufacturer PERROT GmbH & Co. KG Turmuhren und Lauteanlagen and the front of the structure was constructed by Premiere Composite Technologies. Makkah Royal Clock Tower is the second most expensive building in the world with a total cost of construction of US$15 billion.
4. Ping An Finance Center
The Ping An Finance Center is a skyscraper located in Shenzhen, Guangdong, China, the center was designed by the American architectural company Kohn Pedersen Fox Associates and was accredited by Ping An Insurance.
The Ping An Finance Center construction process was temporarily halted due to some reasons and was resumed after sample testing, the structure was completed in 2017, with a height of 599 meters making the center tallest building in Shenzhen, the 5th tallest building in the world, and the 2nd tallest building in China. Ping An Finance Center floor 116 features an observation deck also name Free Sky, which broke the record of having the highest observation deck in a building with 562 m (1,844 ft), the center contains hotels, retail spaces, offices, a high-end shopping mall, and a conference center. The Ping An International Finance Center has 33 double-deck elevators, which travel at speeds of up to 10 m/s.
5. Lotte World Tower
The Lotte World Tower is the tallest skyscraper, which is located in Sincheon-dong, Songpa, Seoul, South Korea. After 13 years of planning and all the site preparation, the Lotte World Tower got final approval to start construction from the government in November 2010, its construction started on January 22, 2010, and was completed on December 22, 2016.
The Tower was opened for visitors on April 3, 2017. It is the tallest building in South Korea and the sixth tallest in the world with a height of 555 meters (1,821 ft). When the Lotte World Tower was completed, it was the fourth-highest tower in the world at that time. On New Year’s Day Lotte shot off fireworks with a LED laser show for seven minutes to celebrate the New Year and for PyeongChang Winter Olympics in 2018. The Lotte World Tower gives a facility for a Parking lot, and an Observation entrance, the 1st, and 2nd floors have Lobby, a 5th to 12th-floor Podium, and the Prime office is on the 14th–the 38th floor. On 42nd to 71st, there is a Residence, Lotte Hotel is on the 76th to 101st floor, it also has a private office on the 105th to 114th floor. The Seoul Sky or Observation deck is on 117th to 123rd. Lotte World Tower is a landmark of Seoul.